Fish & Game Officials concede that the easiest way for hunters to identify the subspecies of California Deer inhabitants is by simply knowing which species are present in which geographic areas. Then, a series of wet winters resulted in an increase in fawn survival rates, and hunter numbers and the numbers of deer bagged increased accordingly until 1986, when nearly 86,000 hunters took 25,566 deer, of which 77 percent were mule deer. Archery deer hunting was also beginning to provide a significant hunting opportunity. With the institution of permit-only deer hunting the following year, hunter numbers dropped from more than 97,000 to fewer than 68,000. However, the majority of Arizona's desert mule deer are found on the desert floor, referred to as "the flats" by local hunters. They will become sexually mature in a year and a half. It has many species found in many other places, and many that are found only in Arizona and a few other places. Food Preference: Weeds, shrubs, mast, grass, mistletoe, and cacti fruits in season In North America, the species is widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains as well as in southwestern Arizona and most of Mexico, aside from Lower California. Usually, a whitetail fawn will stay with its mother longer than a mule deer will. The deer (family Cervidae) comprises 43 species of hoofed ruminants in the order Artiodactyla. miles Another deer, Dorcelaphus (- Odocoileus) crooki, thought by some to be a hybrid between these two species or possibly a distinct species, has been described as occurring, in Arizona. All Species Plains Game Red Stag Cape Buffalo Water Buffalo Ibex International Sheep Leopard Muskox Russian Bear Sable All Dangerous Game All International Species … Antlers on the male primarily consist of a main beam with tines growing from it. Coat color is grayish-brown salt-and-pepper with white underparts; the face is marked with white 'halos' around the eyes and a white band across the muzzle. In North America, the species is widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains as well as in southwestern Arizona and most of Mexico, aside from Lower California. Deer can be found in the foothills of desert mountain ranges, which are dominated by saguaro and other cactus species. Despite a serious overpopulation of deer on the North Kaibab in the 1920s, deer numbers appeared to decline in the rest of the state. They are notable for having two large and two small hooves on each foot and also for having antlers in the males of most species and in the females of one species. The Coues has a flagging white tail and a more natural run. As the populations rose, doe and "any-deer" hunts were authorized. In 1929, the mule deer season was closed south of the Gila River, and even as recently as 1946, fewer than 5,000 mule deer (more than 80 percent of all deer killed) were harvested in Arizona. The Arizona wildlife exhibits a great variety, and many different animal species including mammals, reptiles, birds, etc., are found in this state. Does average 125 pounds. Fawn drop coincides with the new growth following the summer rains. ABSTRACT: Two species of deer, mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, and white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, occur in Arizona. Breeding Period: January Since then, another series of droughts has occurred and deer hunting opportunity is again being curtailed. When at a closer range, other differences include facial markings, ear size, and antler configuration. The Grand Canyon is a Globally Important Bird Area hosting about 447 bird species including birds of prey like California condor, peregrine falcon, etc. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. Each year in the spring, after the breeding season has passed, antlers are shed. They prefer woodlands of chaparral, oak, and pine with interspersed clearings. Mule deer have white rump patches and short, narrow, black-tipped white tails. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. arizona species minimum scores BISON BLACK BEAR COUES DEER COUGAR DESERT BIGHORN SHEEP ELK GOULD'S TURKEY JAVELINA MERRIAM'S TURKEY MULE DEER … Coues deer are most common in Arizona's southeastern mountains, but range up on to the Mogollon Rim and into the White Mountains. Reddish-brown to blue-gray or tan coloring; underside of tail is white, producing a “flag” when raised off the rump. A whitetail fawn will stay with its mother longer than a mule on... 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